Knowledge Creation describes the construction of new knowledge in a collaborative process. It is based on the knowledge of individuals which is then combined in a synergetic way. Individuals contribute their knowledge and build on and combine the contributions of others. Shared artefacts serve as a mediator and allow for a shared focus. With Web 2.0 technology, knowledge creation can even happen as a mass process.

Video Resources

For a brief overview of Knowledge Creation, watch the 3 minute introductory video featuring Ulrike Cress:

15 minutes about Knowledge Creation featuring Ulrike Cress:


  • Cress, U., & Kimmerle, J. (2008). A Systemic and Cognitive view on Collaborative Knowledge Building with Wikis. International Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning, 3(2), 105-122.
  • Kimmerle, J., Moskaliuk, J., Oeberst, A., & Cress, U. (2015). Learning and collective knowledge construction with social media: A process-oriented perspective. Educational Psychologist, 50, 120-137.
  • O'Reilly, T. (2005, September 30). What Is Web 2.0. Retrieved from
  • Bryant, S. L., Forte, A., & Bruckman, A. (2005, November). Becoming Wikipedian: transformation of participation in a collaborative online encyclopedia. In Proceedings of the 2005 international ACM SIGGROUP conference on Supporting group work (pp. 1-10). ACM.
  • Kittur, A., & Kraut, R. E. (2008, November). Harnessing the wisdom of crowds in wikipedia: quality through coordination. In Proceedings of the 2008 ACM conference on Computer supported cooperative work (pp. 37-46). ACM.

Learning Scientists Who Have Researched This Topic:

  • Carl Bereiter
  • Ulrike Cress
  • Kai Hakkarainen
  • Marlene Scardamalia
  • Gerry Stahl


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